OpEd – Three inspiring women human rights defenders
Huda Al-Sarari, Norma Ledezma and Sizani Ngubane are human rights defenders who have risked their lives to promote justice and dignity in their local communities.
Three women, three countries, three causes. All have championed human rights in their local communities with great impact — and at enormous personal risk.
They are Huda Al-Sarari, Norma Ledezma and Sizani Ngubane, the finalists for the 2020 Martin Ennals Award, which will be presented next month in Geneva.
The award is given to people who have made exemplary contributions to human rights and, as a consequence of their work, are under threat. The international recognition that follows is intended to provide the nominees with a measure of protection.
This cycle marks the first time in the award’s 27-year history that all of the finalists are women. Just who are these admirable defenders of justice and dignity?
Huda Al-Sarari is a Yemeni lawyer and human rights activist who has collected evidence on more than 250 cases of abuses such as torture and arbitrary detention taking place within a network of secret prisons in the country.
Yemen has been in conflict since 2014, and is an extremely difficult context within which to advocate human rights. The prisons are allegedly run by the United Arab Emirates, a member of the Saudi-led coalition whose bombing campaign has provoked an unprecedented humanitarian crisis.
“The fight of Huda, I think it’s very laudable because it’s done in the middle of terrible suffering, and yet you still find it in you to fight for the rights of families to know what happened,” says Gisella Reina, chair of the HURIDOCS board and a member of the award jury.
“It’s very difficult to work in that sort of environment, and still more difficult to see any glimmer of success,” says Brian Dooley of Human Rights First, “and she’s managed to achieve that.”
Hear more from jury members in the video below:
Norma Librada Ledezma
Norma Librada Ledezma is co-founder and director of Justicia Para Nuestras Hijas (Justice for Our Daughters), an organization in Mexico that offers counsel to the victims and families of femicide, disappearances and human trafficking.
In the course of her work, she has supported over 200 investigations, but the one that started it all was the murder of her own daughter, Paloma, in 2002. Authorities failed to properly investigate, so she took the case to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, which ruled that the Mexican state had violated, among others, the rights to a fair trial and equal protection of the law, as well as the rights of the child.
As a result of Norma’s demand for justice, a Special Prosecutor office for Women Victims of Violence was created in the state of Chihuahua.
Violence and impunity are widespread problems in Mexico, and women bear the brunt. “She was very brave taking up this issue because it is very risky to be a human rights defender, particularly at the local level in Mexico,” says jury member Silke Pfeiffer of Bread for the World.
“The death threats that she faces are very serious indeed,” says Andrew Anderson of Front Line Defenders, “and yet she’s determined to continue and work not just for justice for her own daughter, but for all the young women who have been killed.”
As provincial coordinator of the Women’s National Coalition, an alliance of women’s groups from across South Africa, she supported the development of the 1994 Women’s Charter for Effective Equality, which called for a society in which women are free from prejudice and in control of their own lives.
She went on to found the Rural Women’s Movement (RWM), a network of 500 grassroots organizations that works to end gender-based violence and advance women’s rights to land, education, property and inheritance.
Women in South Africa are frequently targets for discrimination, mistreatment and violence. In rural areas, the issue is compounded by customary law as practiced by traditional authorities. Sizani has campaigned for women who have been dispossessed of their land in these jurisdictions.
“Her work needs to be located within the broader context of culture and how one finds that balance between cultural identity and rights,” says jury member Alice Mogwe of International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH). “She’s been able to raise awareness in relation to the importance of women’s economic emancipation, and she’s done all that in a part of South Africa where there have been a lot of challenges in terms of access to land.”
Michael Bochenek of Human Rights Watch says, “She is not only a human rights defender in the true sense of the term, but she embodies one.”